Polar Bears in Canada (Churchill, Manitoba)
Polar bears in Canada can be found in the northern regions of the country, where winter arrives as early as September. This polar bear waits patiently near Churchill, Manitoba for the sea ice to freeze on the Hudson's Bay.
This photo was taken in early October, just outside of the city limits. When we arrived, the air temperature was a frigid -20 Celsius but warmed up to -5 Celsius in the mid-afternoon.
We were lucky to watch the bears as they played and wandered aimlessly in the warm sun.
The polar bears in Canada can be found along northern coast along Yukon, NWT, Nunavut, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec & Labrador. A well developed tourist industry has been set up in Churchill, Manitoba, just north of Wapusk National Park to take tourists from around the world into the natural habitat of this giant predator.
On our escorted tour of northern Manitoba, we saw about 100 polar bears just outside the city limits. Churchill is known as the polar bear capital of the world.
These large mammals feed on the tasty blubber of seals and can only hunt when the sea ice is thick enough to support their heavy weights. Until then, they wait on land and sustain themselves from their fat reserves.
Winter arrived early in northern Manitoba and the surface of the Hudson's Bay was just being to freeze. Large chunks of ice and plenty of slush made the horizon look like a giant, blue ice drink.
As the polar bears waited for the pack-ice to become solid, they hung around the shore-line, bored and impatient.
Just to the south of Churchill is Wapusk National Park that protects the important breeding and mating grounds of the polar bears.
We saw many polar bears including large, single males (like the one in the photo), young adolescents and protective mothers with their cubs.
The bears were active during the day but, as a northern blizzard blew onshore, they curled up in small snow pockets to protect themselves from the fierce ocean wind.
On this well organized tour, there were tourists from all over the globe ranging in age from 10 to 85. Even though the trip cost $3300 CAD (per person) from Calgary, it was well worth the journey and adventure to see a wilderness where only the strong and skilled animals survive.
We also saw moose, Arctic fox and lemmings (in the jaws of the fox). We were told there were also beluga whales, seal and caribou in the region.
Interesting Facts I learned visiting Churchill, MB
- The polar bears in Canada do not hibernate in the winter like black bears and grizzly bears. During the cold months, they hunt and gorge themselves on tasty fat seals.
- Polar bears can mate with grizzly bears and a few hybrid bears have been spotted in the western Arctic regions of Canada and Alaska. The offspring are tan in colour while some are all white except for brown paws.
- Polar bears prefer to eat seal blubber and when seals are plentiful, leave the rest of the carcass on the ice for the foxes.
- The white Spirit bears on the BC coast are not polar bears (they're black bears with a light colored coat). They have different hibernation cycles, a different diet and are a lot smaller than polar bears.
- The polar bear is the most powerful mammal in North America and does not have any other predator except for humans and other polar bears.
- Polar bears have excellent sense of smell and are supreme hunters. If you're venturing up here and NOT on a guide tour, here's how to survive a bear attack. On guided tours, you'll be safe and protected in warm, rugged vehicles.
When to See Polar Bears
The best time to see the polar bear migration is in early to mid-October. If you book for early November, there's a chance that the ice will have become solid and the bears may have migrated.
BRING YOUR WINTER GEAR! Winter is in full force up here!
How to Get to Churchill, Manitoba
There are no roads leading to Churchill, Manitoba but there is a modern airport with daily schedules flights to and from Winnipeg.
A snail-paced passenger train also brings in tourists (and supplies) to the town. If you decide to go, I recommend taking the Via Rail train up (it's a novelty to witness a train coming to halt in the middle of nowhere to pick up a person as they flag down the train) and then fly out (it's quicker). The train crawls along 1700 kilometers from Winnipeg to Churchill in 43 hours.
View Polar Bears in Canada (Churchill, Manitoba) in a larger map
Churchill, Manitoba is about 1400 kilometers (3 hours flying time) from Winnipeg, Manitoba and is the best spot to view polar bears in Canada.
Get more insider tips on Canadian Adventures at Scenic Travel Canada.